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Tuesday, May 19, 2020 | History

3 edition of Effects of chromium compounds on human health found in the catalog.

Effects of chromium compounds on human health

Effects of chromium compounds on human health

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  • 11 Currently reading

Published by [Ontario Ministry of Labour, Occupational Health and Safety Division] in Toronto .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Chromium compounds -- Hygienic aspects.,
  • Chromium compounds -- Physiological effect.,
  • Chromium compounds -- Toxicology.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby E. Nieboer ... [et al.] ; Department of Biochemistry and Occupational Health Program, McMaster University.
    ContributionsNieboer, E., McMaster University. Dept. of Biochemistry, McMaster university. Occupational Health Program, Ontario. Occupational Health and Safety Division.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA1231.C5 E35
    The Physical Object
    Pagination353 p. in various pagings :
    Number of Pages353
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16913649M
    ISBN 100772901937
    OCLC/WorldCa13164521

      What are the known health effects of inhaling hexavalent chromium? Hexavalent chromium compounds have been shown to cause lung cancer in humans when inhaled. The Report on Carcinogens lists hexavalent chromium compounds as known human carcinogens. Studies have consistently shown increased lung cancer rates in workers who were exposed to high. Subsequent chapters explore the nutritional role of chromium; absorption, transport, and excretion of chromium in humans and animals; mutagenic and cytogenetic effects of chromium compounds; and organ toxicity of chromium in animals. The carcinogenic effects of chromium, including its effects on the skin, are also cturer: Elsevier Science.

    Most of the known environmental and health effects of chromium are treated here along with a discussion of dose-response relationships. A key aspect of the book and one of its most useful features is that it serves as a guide to the analytical procedures and their limitations that are suitable for use in environmental and biological monitoring. For example, a study published in the journal Endocrine Practice found that chromium picolinate use had no effect on glucose or insulin concentrations, insulin sensitivity, or cholesterol /5.

    Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. A secondary critical effect is skeletal damage as a secondary response to kidney damage or direct action on the bone cells by the cadmium. 3 Mercury: Main effects of Mercury on Human Health and the environment effects on human health Toxicity of mercury is dependent on whether it takes the form of elemental mercury, inorganic mercury orFile Size: KB.


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Effects of chromium compounds on human health Download PDF EPUB FB2

Suggested Citation:"Effects of Chromium Compounds on Human Health."National Research Council. gton, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: Chronic human exposure to high levels of chromium (VI) by inhalation or oral exposure may produce effects on the liver, kidney, gastrointestinal and immune systems, and possibly the blood.

(1,4,5). At the same time, with the development of its uses, the adverse effects of chromium compounds in human health were being defined. Trivalent chromium is an essential trace element in humans and in animals. Chromium as pure metal has no adverse effect.

Little toxic effect is attributed to trivalent chromium when present Effects of chromium compounds on human health book very large by: Exposure of extremely high doses of chromium (VI) compounds to humans can result in severe cardiovascular, respiratory, hematological, gastrointestinal, renal, hepatic, and neurological effects and possibly death.

Exposure to chromium compounds can result in the formation of ulcers such as nasal septum ulcer which are very common in chromate by: 6. This chapter discusses the clinical effect of chromium supplements on human health. The interest for chromium supplementation in patients with diabetes was heightened by the clinical observations made in the s for patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN), demonstrating that chromium was an essential nutrient required for normal.

Chromium was discovered in by Vauquelin. Numerous industrial applications raised chromium to a very important economic element. At the same time, with the development of its uses, the adverse effects of chromium compounds in human health were being defined. Trivalent chromium is an essential trace element in humans and in animals.

Chromium as pure metal has no adverse by: This review gives an overview of the effects of chromium on the immune system of the body. by chromium compounds in human lympho- the potential effect of dietary chromium on the health. Exposure of extremely high doses of chromium (VI) compounds to humans can result in severe cardiovascular, respiratory, hematological, gastrointestinal, renal, hepatic, and neurological effects.

Chromium (VI) ; CASRN Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS noncarcinogenic health effects of substances that are also carcinogens.

Therefore, it is Several reports of possible fetal damage caused by chromium compounds were located in the literature. High doses (, ppm) of File Size: KB. Effect of chromium dinicocysteinate supplementation on circulating levels of insulin, TNF-alpha, oxidative stress, and insulin resistance in type 2 diabetic subjects: randomized, double-blind.

The carcinogenic effects of chromium, including its effects on the skin, are also considered. This monograph will be of interest to students, practitioners, and researchers in the fields of biology, physiology, and chemistry, as well as those with an objective interest in the ways in which chromium and its compounds act in biological.

Chapters contain graphical representations of the voluminous mutagenicity and animal carcinogenicity data according to chromium compound type, and a tabular summary of all published epidemiological data, broken down according to industry.

Also covers clinical patterns, prognosis, pathogenesis, 5/5(2). the respiratory tract. These health effects include irritation of the lining of the nose, runny nose, and breathing problems (asthma, cough, shortness of breath, wheezing). Workers have also developed allergies to chromium compounds, which can cause breathing difficulties and skin rashes.

Despite widespread use by patients with diabetes and anecdotal reports in the past regarding its efficacy, until recently, data in humans concerning chromium’s effects on insulin action in vivo or on cellular aspects of insulin action were scarce.

Consequently, significant controversy still exists regarding the effect of chromium supplementation on parameters assessing human by:   Dose, exposure duration, and the specific compound involved can determine chromium's adverse health effects.

Pulmonary irritant effects following inhalation of chromium dust can include. asthma, chronic bronchitis, chronic irritation, chronic pharyngitis, chronic rhinitis, congestion and hyperemia, polyps of the upper respiratory tract.

Provides a comprehensive chemical and biochemical treatment on the effects of chromium in the environment and in man. Such an integrated treatment of the chemical and biochemical aspects of chromium is novel and has not appeared in the published literature.

Reviews the information on global cycling and environmental occurrence of chromium compounds, which defines the extent of the.

No taste or odor is associated with any chromium compounds. Trivalent chromium is an essential dietary nutrient required for normal glucose, protein, and fat metabolism, and is found in fresh vegetables, fruit, meat, beef, grain, and yeast. A daily.

Chromium is a mineral that acts as an essential nutrient and thus plays a key role in our bodies. Chromium was first discovered to be an essential nutrient in the 's. Very small quantities of chromium (III) compounds are essential for your health and well-being.

Chromium VI compounds are usually highly toxic. Breathing in chromium (VI) compounds can damage and irritate your nose, throat, lungs, stomach and intestines. It may lead to asthma and other allergic reactions.

Health effects Cadmium and cadmium compounds are known human carcinogens. Smokers get exposed to significantly higher cadmium levels than non-smokers. Severe damage to the lungs may occur through breathing high levels of cadmium.

Ingesting very high levels severely irritates the stom-ach, leading to vomiting and Size: KB. Current knowledge on the health effects of toxicants in the ambient environment. Now in a second edition, Environmental Toxicants: Human Exposures and Their Health Effects continues to offer a unique perspective on a topic that is usually focused on exposure and effects in industrial settings.

Purchase Biological and Environmental Aspects of Chromium, Volume 5 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book.

ISBNBook Edition: 1.Chromium occurs in the environment largely in two forms: trivalent chromium (chromium 3), which is an essential human nutrient, and hexavalent chromium (chromium 6), which is toxic.

Despite this difference, chromium is regulated in drinking water as “total chromium” at a level of 50 parts per billion.